HISTORY OF DELHI
The capital of India has been a centre of power almost continuously since the 13th century. The huge city is divided into Old and New Delhi; the former also comprise the seventh city of the Mughals - Shajahnabad.
In 1955 excavations of the Purana Quila (Old Fort) revealed that this area, on the banks of the Yamuna river, was inhabited more than 3000 years ago. Fine earthen pottery, known as Painted Grey Ware and dated back to 1000 BC, confirmed that Delhi was associated with the epic Mahabharata and Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas.
From the 12th to 17th centuries, the rulers of successive dynasties established seven "cities" in different parts of Delhi. The first one was Mehrauli with the foundation of Qutub Minar in 1199 followed by Siri in 1920; Tughlaquabad; Jahanapanah; Firuzabad, Purana Quila and Shahjahanabad.
During this period, some of the most outstanding monuments were built which stand as past glories of the Afghan and Mughal architecture such as The Qutub Minar which was built in 1199 and rises to a height of 72.5 meters from a base of 14.32 meters; Humayun's Tomb built in 1572 is one of the finest examples of a garden Tomb, the Red Fort - an imposing citadel built in the 17th century and Jami Masjid, the largest mosque in India. Travel to these Indian Heritage sites to experience the awe.
The Imperial Delhi built during the British Empire houses the President's House, Parliament House, India Gate (the World War I memorial arch). Besides, Delhi offers various museums. The important ones are the National Museum - the premier museum of India, National Gallery of Modern Art, Gandhi Museum, Crafts Museum, Dolls Museum, Rail Museum, Temple of Bahai - an Islamic sect founded in Iran in 1836 by Bahaullah. Be sure to include these historic locations in your travel itinerary.